Macular Degeneration


Macular degeneration is the result of a buildup of metabolic waste material in the most active area of the retina. This area is called the macula, and it is more active than parts of the brain. This waste material collects into spots called drusen, and the size and amount of drusen determine the severity of the disease. It is most helpful to identify in its early stages as Lutein and Zeaxanthin are two antioxidants that have been proven to slow down progression. It is difficult for patients to pick up on initial symptoms, but they may include blurring or dimming of your central vision, objects may look warped and distorted, or there is a blank or blind spot in the center of your field of vision.



Two types of macular degeneration—wet and dry. The dry form is by far the most common type.

  1. The dry is the most common type and is a gradual process. The dry form is the result of aging – the cells in the macula start to thin and break down, and waste deposits build up in the back of the eye damaging the macula. Central vision can become blurred or distorted slowly and may take several years before it affects your vision. This is the most helpful stage to start taking macular degeneration vitamins.
  2. If the dry form progresses, it can convert into a wet form. Wet macular degeneration happens if the drusen become so large they break the barrier between the retina and the blood vessels. This causes a small bleed in the macula and blocks light from hitting the photoreceptors located there. Because of this vision loss can happen quickly and much more severely as abnormal blood vessels grow in the back of the eye to try to replace blood flow. If this happens, there are specific types of medication that should be introduced to the area to stop bleeding and reduce new blood vessels from growing. This is done by a specialist, and Dr. Louie or Dr. Larson can typically refer you to see a specialist the same day if it is necessary.


Currently, there is no cure or way to reverse Macular Degeneration, so our best efforts are aimed at prevention, early diagnosis, and introduction of antioxidants to the diet. These antioxidants have not been shown to prevent the onset, so they are not generally recommended for anyone that does not currently have macular degeneration. Regular eye examination may help you find out if you are at risk and early detection can sometimes delay the loss of vision. Age and genetics are risk factors for macular degeneration that you cannot control but quitting smoking, wearing UV protective glasses, and having a healthy diet can reduce risk. Healthy dark-skinned foods such as kale, spinach, broccoli, berries, and peppers are high in natural antioxidants.

Book Your Next Eye Exam!

West Edmonton Vision Clinic

Visit our vision clinic in central West Edmonton for comprehensive eye exams, contact lens fittings, glasses, and more. Louie Eyecare Centre is dedicated to providing the highest quality optometric services and products to our patients. Our team of experienced optometrists is here to help you with all of your eye care needs. Schedule an appointment today!

Clinic Hours

Monday Closed
Tuesday 9:00-5:00
Wednesday 9:00-5:00
Thursday 9:00-5:00
Friday 9:00-5:00
Saturday 9:00-2:00
Closed Sunday / Holidays


Krista Z
Krista Z
I called over 20 optometrist offices looking for Dr Larson after he left his old place and I lost the name of the new one. We all had a laugh about it. He is worth every bit of that effort and is FAR, FAR superior to almost every single optometrist I've ever seen and I've had [extraordinarily complex] glasses since I was 6 months old. His passion, kindness and impressive knowledge are just the start of why I'm a loyal client. That's not to mention his front staff whom are all warm, helpful, super friendly and very skilled at fitting glasses. I can't say enough good things. You can't go wrong coming to this place.
Mac Stil
Mac Stil
My second time being there..staff was very cordial and helpful in selecting my glasses.The turn around was very quick as was the fitting .I recommend Louis Eye Care for all your eye care needs.
They're quick and helpful and very friendly! I've seen both Dr. Larson and Dr. Louie and they're both awesome.
Melanie Romanchuk
Melanie Romanchuk
Dr. Larson is very thorough and took time to explain the exam to my kids. Highly recommended!
Carmen Schnirer
Carmen Schnirer
Dr. Louie is Fantastic!! Would not take my family anywhere else! Excellent care and service.
Wendy Theberge
Wendy Theberge
I cannot say enough great things about Dr. Louie's top notch service and expertise. My eyes are - let's say - challenging and he always nails my prescription perfectly. His attention to detail and kindness are better than anything I have experienced in all my years visiting eyecare centres. Dr. Louie's staff are so kind and caring and friendly. AND if you are looking for an AMAZHING pair of frames - stop the car right now. As a phenomenal photographer - just put your "face" in his hands and he will select the best frames for you. Be forewarned though - you will have to fight off endless compliments on your glasses!! Thank YOU so much!! My whole family loves visiting you for their eyecare needs.
Jewel Bear
Jewel Bear
My eye exam was the most pleasant and informative I have ever had. Dr. Larson is an excellent doctor who will share his knowledge if you just ask!

Frequently Asked Questions

You should see an optometrist when there are changes in vision, problems with eye movement or when headaches or eyestrain occur regularly. Children’s eye exams begin at six months old, adults should get an eye exam every two years, and seniors should get an eye exam every year.

A comprehensive eye exam from Louie Eyecare Centre in Edmonton costs $135. This includes a 3d retinal optomap of the back of the eye. We offer direct billing options with Alberta Blue Cross and Green Shield Canada (GSC). If you are with another insurance provider, you may be required to pay at the clinic and submit your claim to your insurance provider.

Eating a well-balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables is one of the best things you can do for your overall health, including your eyesight. Here are some specific foods that are particularly good for your eyes: carrots, dark leafy greens, brightly coloured vegetables, fish, eggs, nuts, and seeds.

Healthy eyes can benefit from many of the same vitamins and minerals that are good for your overall health, including vitamins A, C and E, as well as zinc, lutein, and zeaxanthin. Louie Eyecare Centre can advise you on which supplements may be right for you.

Most people only need an eye exam once a year, but it depends on your age, health and how often you have problems with your vision. Children usually need more frequent exams because their eyes are still developing. Adults older than 65 may also need more frequent exams since changes in the eye and vision occur with age. If you have a family history of eye problems, or if you’re experiencing vision problems, you should visit your optometrist more often. At Louie Eyecare Centre we offer comprehensive eye exams that will help diagnose any potential problems early.

After age 65, you should have an eye exam every year. It’s important to have regular eye exams because your risk for developing age-related eye diseases, such as macular degeneration and cataracts, increases with age. Louie Eyecare Centre can help you keep your eyes healthy as you age.