Diabetic Retinopathy


Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes-related eye disease that affects the blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. It is caused by high levels of blood sugar damaging the small blood vessels in the retina, leading to a reduction in blood flow to the retina and the growth of abnormal blood vessels. Over time, these abnormal blood vessels can leak fluid and blood into the retina, leading to vision loss and potentially blindness.

Diabetic retinopathy often develops gradually, and many people with diabetes may not experience any symptoms in the early stages. However, as the disease progresses, symptoms may include blurred vision, dark or empty areas in the field of vision, and difficulty seeing at night.

To prevent diabetic retinopathy, it is important for individuals with diabetes to maintain good control of their blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol. Regular eye exams are also essential, as early detection and treatment can help to prevent vision loss. Treatments for diabetic retinopathy may include laser therapy, medications, or surgery, depending on the severity of the disease.



An optometrist can play an important role in the management and treatment of diabetic retinopathy. They can:

  1. Conduct regular eye exams: An optometrist can perform regular eye exams to monitor the progression of diabetic retinopathy and detect any changes in the retina. Early detection and treatment are crucial in preventing vision loss. They can alert your primary care physician or endocrinologist to changes in the vascular system that may be undetectable by bloodwork or other means. 
  2. Prescribe corrective lenses: If diabetic retinopathy has caused vision problems, an optometrist can prescribe corrective lenses to help you see more clearly.
  3. Make referrals for treatment: An optometrist can make referrals for specialized treatments, such as laser therapy or injections, to manage the progression of diabetic retinopathy.


By seeking the help of an optometrist, individuals with diabetic retinopathy can receive personalized care to manage the condition and reduce the risk of vision loss. If you have diabetic retinopathy, it’s important that you get professional help to manage the condition.

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West Edmonton Vision Clinic

Visit our vision clinic in central West Edmonton for comprehensive eye exams, contact lens fittings, glasses, and more. Louie Eyecare Centre is dedicated to providing the highest quality optometric services and products to our patients. Our team of experienced optometrists is here to help you with all of your eye care needs. Schedule an appointment today!

Clinic Hours

Monday Closed
Tuesday 9:00-5:00
Wednesday 9:00-5:00
Thursday 9:00-5:00
Friday 9:00-5:00
Saturday 9:00-2:00
Closed Sunday / Holidays


Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, you can request a specific eye doctor for your eye exam, subject to availability.

Yes, an eye exam can detect if you have a concussion by testing eye movement and visual tracking.

Yes, an eye exam can detect colour blindness.

Yes, an eye exam can detect the need for vision therapy to improve vision skills such as tracking, eye teaming, and focusing.

Yes, we accept most insurance plans for eye exams.

A comprehensive eye exam is a more in-depth assessment of your visual health that includes testing for eye diseases, while a vision screening is a quick assessment of your visual acuity.