Yes, girls can be colour blind. Colour blindness is a condition that affects a person’s ability to see colours accurately. It can affect both boys and girls but is much more common in boys than in girls. The genes for colour detection are located on the X sex-linked chromosome. A male has an X from the mother and a Y from the father. A female has an X from the father and an X from the mother. The gene for colour deficiency is recessive, meaning that if there is one good chromosome and one deficient, the good one will override and provide normal function. Boys have only one X chromosome from the mother, as the Y chromosome would come from the father. So colour blindness in males always comes from the mother’s side of the family. Girls have an X chromosome from both the father and mother, so they have a chance to have a normal one from each side, so it is much more rare to have a girl with colour deficiency. If there is a girl with colour deficiency (both X chromosomes are deficient), 100% of her male children would be colour deficient.
Colour blindness is more common in men than women because the genes responsible for colour vision are located on the X chromosome. Since women have two X chromosomes and men have only one X chromosome and one Y chromosome, the genetic mutation that causes colour blindness is more likely to affect men. In women, a healthy X chromosome can often compensate for the mutated gene on the other chromosome, whereas men do not have this same genetic backup. As a result, men are more likely to inherit and express the genetic mutation that causes colour blindness. While colour blindness affects a relatively small percentage of the population, it can still have a significant impact on an individual’s quality of life and ability to perform specific tasks, such as distinguishing between traffic lights or reading maps.
Seniors can maintain good eye health by eating a healthy diet, wearing sunglasses to protect their eyes from UV rays, and avoiding smoking. They should also be vigilant about any changes in their vision and seek medical attention promptly if they experience any concerns.
If an eye condition is detected, the optometrist will discuss and educate the patient in a way that is easy to understand. If the condition requires treatment, they will discuss risks and benefits, and initiate treatment. If surgical intervention is required they will refer the senior to a specialist for further evaluation and treatment.
Seniors should make a list of any concerns or symptoms they are experiencing and bring it to their appointment. They should also bring any eyewear they are using or would like to ask questions about, as well as a list of any current medications.
An eye exam for seniors typically takes about 30 to 60 minutes, depending on the complexity of the exam.
Some optometrists offer tele-optometry services, which allow seniors to have an eye exam from the comfort of their own home using video conferencing technology.
Visit our vision clinic in central West Edmonton for comprehensive eye exams, contact lens fittings, glasses, and more. LL Eyecare Centre is dedicated to providing the highest quality optometric services and products to our patients. Our team of experienced optometrists is here to help you with all of your eye care needs. Schedule an appointment today!
Closed Sunday / Holidays